An undercover agent, employed to gain the trust of suspects to tempt them to do something illegal so they can be arrested and punished.
Judicial courts held in England and Wales up to 1971, replaced by Crown Courts.
A Lawyer or somebody legally empowered to make decisions and act on someone else’s behalf.
Attorney – General
The government’s chief legal officer and adviser.
A person or persons, who believed that through Political
and Social reform (change) the Parliamentary voting system should be changed.
The reduction of a sentence to a less severe punishment.
A single area, defined by boundaries, for the purpose of electing an MP.
A type of government in which power is invested in the people as a whole, exercised of their behalf by elected representatives.
A panel of 23 jurors who decide if there are grounds for a trial.
A formal accusation and written accusation of a serious crime presented to court.
False and malicious written statements that damage someone’s reputation.
Member of a church or chapel outside the established Church of England.
Where prisoners were sent as punishment, to a remote and inhospitable island, which separated them from the general population. Prisoners were usually made to do hard labour too.
A piece of paper that many people sign to support an idea or fact which may help towards awareness of subject matter and possible change.
Money paid to secure seats in a particular pew in church.
Evidence for the prosecution, given by someone who took part in the crime, in exchange for leniency.
English Law (1714 – 1973) which said people making a public disturbance had to disperse within an hour of the act being read to them by a magistrate.
Words or actions designed to incite or provoke rebellion against the government.
When face with serious offences threatening order, such as treason and sedition, the Government had authority to appoint a Special Commission to hear a case quickly.
The Black Domain
The Monmouthshire coalfield between Nelson and Crumlin, where ‘sale’ coal was produced.
The People’s Charter
Six constitutional reforms of Parliament demanded by the Chartists.
Aristocratic supporters of the Stuart King after the restoration. During Victoria’s reign they became the Conservative Party.
Exile to Tasmania, as punishment.
Committing of a crime which seriously threatens the safety of your country or head of state.
Approval for a trial of somebody to take place.
Aristocrats who feared the return of the Stuarts. They were supporters of the Glorious Revolution of William and Mary in 1688. In Victoria’s reign they became the core of the Liberal Party.